Blogs

Collection of stories, research, firm’s developments and new capacities to reflect the its continuous advancement
Escalating Unrest in New Caledonia

15

May

Escalating Unrest in New Caledonia

New Caledonia is experiencing severe unrest due to proposed constitutional changes, resulting in violence, disruptions, and calls for intervention from the French government.

Impact of Submarine Cable Damage on East and Southern Africa

14

May

Impact of Submarine Cable Damage on East and Southern Africa's Internet Connectivity

Damage to SEACOM and EASSy submarine cables in the Red Sea caused significant internet disruptions across East and Southern Africa, impacting businesses and daily operations

Chad

11

May

Chad's Presidential Election: A Critical Juncture for Stability and Regional Influence

Chad's presidential election, won by Mahamat Idris Deby, is crucial for regional stability and counter-terrorism efforts in the Sahel, amidst political instability and economic challenges.

Xi Jinping

09

May

Xi Jinping's Strategic European Tour: Implications and Analysis

Xi Jinping's recent tour of Europe, focusing on France, Hungary, and Serbia, highlights China's strategic efforts to enhance its global influence, particularly amid tensions with the EU and over the Ukraine conflict. The tour signifies China's attempt to reshape global alliances and challenge Western hegemony.

Unprecedented Flooding Crisis in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

06

May

Unprecedented Flooding Crisis in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Catastrophic floods in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, have caused significant loss of life and displacement, highlighting the severe impact of extreme weather events linked to El Niño and climate change.

Georgia

03

May

Georgia's 'Foreign Agent' Bill Sparks Widespread Protests and International Concern

Protests in Tbilisi challenge Georgia's "foreign agent" bill, drawing international criticism and highlighting a pivotal moment in the nation's struggle between Western integration and Russian influence.

Protests in Paris Universities Amid European Elections and Middle East Peace Efforts

30

Apr

Protests in Paris Universities Amid European Elections and Middle East Peace Efforts

Pro-Palestinian protests at Paris universities echo global movements, criticize Macron, and highlight risks to public order and election impacts ahead of the European Parliament elections.

Navigating the Economic and Geopolitical Tightrope: Iran-Pakistan Relations

26

Apr

Navigating the Economic and Geopolitical Tightrope: Iran-Pakistan Relations

Iranian President Raisi's visit to Pakistan highlights efforts to strengthen economic ties, despite US sanctions posing challenges, particularly for the critical Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline project.

Escalating University Campus Protests Over Israel-Hamas Conflict

24

Apr

Escalating University Campus Protests Over Israel-Hamas Conflict

Protests at major US universities over Israel's actions in Gaza cause disruptions and polarize campus communities, reflecting broader solidarity movements and highlighting universities as political arenas.

Geopolitical Shift in the Maldives

22

Apr

Geopolitical Shift in the Maldives

The PNC's victory in the Maldives under President Muizzu signals a shift towards China, impacting the nation's geopolitical stance and regional relations with India.

Jet Fuel Shortage at Johannesburg OR Tambo International Airport

17

Apr

Jet Fuel Shortage at Johannesburg OR Tambo International Airport

Johannesburg's OR Tambo Airport faces a jet fuel shortage due to a tax dispute, threatening operations and broader economic implications.

Elevated Risks in the Middle East

13

Apr

Elevated Risks in the Middle East

An Israeli airstrike on Iran's embassy in Damascus escalates regional tensions, leading to military preparations and global diplomatic efforts to mitigate further conflicts.

Deepening Sino-Russian Alliance

11

Apr

Deepening Sino-Russian Alliance

President Xi of China meets Russia's Foreign Minister Lavrov in Beijing, reinforcing ties amid Western tensions, with plans for further cooperation and strategic alignment.

Breaking Diplomatic Ties: The Raid on Mexico’s Embassy in Ecuador

09

Apr

Breaking Diplomatic Ties: The Raid on Mexico’s Embassy in Ecuador

Mexico cuts diplomatic ties with Ecuador after a controversial raid on its embassy in Quito, escalating into a major diplomatic crisis.

Heightening Tensions

04

Apr

Heightening Tensions

The attack on the consulate and the potential for Iranian retaliation increase the likelihood of an escalation of conflict in the Middle East.

Ballots of Change: Turkey

02

Apr

Ballots of Change: Turkey's Economic Revolt and Political Transformation

In Turkey's local elections, voters shifted support to the opposition Republican People's Party (CHP) in key cities and provinces, signaling discontent with the ruling Justice and Development Party's (AKP) handling of the economy, marked by high inflation and currency depreciation.

Escalating Tensions: Chinese Interests in Pakistan Under Siege

27

Mar

Escalating Tensions: Chinese Interests in Pakistan Under Siege

A suicide bombing targeting Chinese engineers in Shangla, Pakistan, is part of a series of attacks on Chinese interests, reflecting opposition to China's economic ventures and posing challenges to the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor.

PNS Siddique Attack: The Escalating Baloch Insurgency in Pakistan

26

Mar

PNS Siddique Attack: The Escalating Baloch Insurgency in Pakistan

The Balochistan Liberation Army's attack on PNS Siddique highlights the escalating Baloch insurgency in Pakistan, posing challenges to national security, regional stability, and business continuity in the area.

Moscow

22

Mar

Moscow's Night of Terror: Analyzing the Crocus City Hall Concert Attack

A deadly terrorist attack at Moscow's Crocus City Hall claimed 93 lives, with ISIS-K claiming responsibility. The attack, which occurred days after Putin's re-election, has led to enhanced security measures across the city.

Navigating the Legal and Business Implications of Hong Kong

20

Mar

Navigating the Legal and Business Implications of Hong Kong's Article 23

Hong Kong's adoption of Article 23 raises concerns about the erosion of freedoms and its impact on the city's status as a global business hub, prompting international responses and introducing uncertainties for companies operating in the region.

Navigating the Turbulence: Analyzing Cuba

18

Mar

Navigating the Turbulence: Analyzing Cuba's Socio-Economic Crisis

Cuba faces a severe socio-economic crisis, with protests erupting across the country due to food shortages, power outages, and skyrocketing inflation, compounded by the US embargo and economic dependencies on allies like Russia and Venezuela.

2024 Russian Presidential Election: Navigating Putin

08

Mar

2024 Russian Presidential Election: Navigating Putin's Path to Continued Power

Russia's 2024 presidential election, set to extend Putin's rule, reflects a controlled political landscape with suppressed dissent, posing geopolitical implications as NATO responds to escalating aggression in Eastern Europe.

Haiti

06

Mar

Haiti's Descent into Chaos: Gang Dominance and the Crisis of Governance

Haiti faces an unprecedented crisis as gang violence escalates, with the G9 Family and Allies controlling 80% of Port-au-Prince, highlighting the government's lack of control and the need for international intervention to address the deepening disaster.

South Korea

04

Mar

South Korea's Battle Against Doctor Shortages

South Korea faces a healthcare crisis as junior doctors strike against a government proposal to increase medical school admissions, highlighting the challenges of an aging society and the need for sustainable healthcare solutions.

Putin

01

Mar

Putin's Strategic Maneuvering & Moscow's Geopolitical Chessboard

President Putin's strategic maneuvering, as evident in his recent address, underscores the complex geopolitical landscape in Eastern Europe, with tensions mounting amid the Ukraine conflict, NATO expansion, and the absence of opposition in Russia.

Iran

28

Feb

Iran's 2024 Elections: Crossroads of Legitimacy and Change

Iran's 2024 parliamentary elections, set against a backdrop of economic challenges and social unrest, will test the regime's legitimacy and potentially shape the country's political landscape, with far-reaching implications for regional stability and global geopolitics.

São Paulo

26

Feb

São Paulo's Streets Echo Bolsonaro's Call Ahead of Municipal Elections

The massive São Paulo protest in support of former president Jair Bolsonaro highlights Brazil's political divide ahead of crucial municipal elections, posing challenges for President Lula's administration and businesses operating in the country.

Unrest in the Fields: Poland

23

Feb

Unrest in the Fields: Poland's Agricultural Protests and the Push for Economic Nationalism

Poland's agricultural protests, triggered by an influx of Ukrainian grains, have exposed tensions between EU policies and local farmers' interests, challenging policymakers to navigate economic nationalism and find balanced solutions ahead of European elections.

Decoding the 2024 Munich Security Conference: Navigating a Shifting Global Order

21

Feb

Decoding the 2024 Munich Security Conference: Navigating a Shifting Global Order

The 2024 Munich Security Conference highlighted the shift towards a multipolar world order, emphasizing the need for businesses to adapt and strategically navigate the changing global landscape, fostering cooperation amidst evolving power structures.

Ukraine

19

Feb

Ukraine's Strategic Setback and the US Defense Industry's Windfall

The capture of Avdiivka by Russian forces marks a strategic setback for Ukraine, while the ongoing conflict has led to a windfall for the US defense industry, raising moral and ethical questions in global politics.

Economic Unease: Navigating Japan and the UK

16

Feb

Economic Unease: Navigating Japan and the UK's Financial Challenges

The economic challenges currently facing Japan and the UK serve as a stark reminder of the intricacies of global economic management and the importance of strategic foresight in navigating these turbulent times.

Indonesia 2024 Elections: Navigating Dynasty Politics and Democratic Aspirations

14

Feb

Indonesia 2024 Elections: Navigating Dynasty Politics and Democratic Aspirations

As Indonesia stands at a crossroads of dynasty and democracy, the world watches closely to see how the nation charts its course, balancing internal aspirations with external pressures.

Analyzing India

12

Feb

Analyzing India's Successful Negotiation for the Release of Navy Officers Detained in Qatar

The release of the Indian Navy officers detained in Qatar exemplifies the power of diplomatic engagement and legal advocacy in safeguarding national interests and citizens abroad, reinforcing the bedrock of India's foreign policy strategy.

Navigating Pakistan’s Political Terrain Post-Elections

09

Feb

Navigating Pakistan’s Political Terrain Post-Elections

The recent elections in Pakistan have showcased the resilience of PTI candidates and the potential for a fragmented legislature, with traditional parties like PMLN and PPP playing pivotal roles in coalition dynamics.

Pakistan

07

Feb

Pakistan's Upcoming Elections: The Interplay of Democracy and Military Influence

Pakistan's upcoming elections are a critical test of the country's democratic resilience amidst the enduring influence of military power. The outcome will have significant implications for governance, policy-making, and the broader South Asian region.

Regional Implications of the US

05

Feb

Regional Implications of the US's Precision Strikes in the Middle East

The US's precision strikes in Iraq and Syria, targeting resistance groups, signify a strong military response to the attack on Tower 22 in Jordan.

Strategic Implications of US Military Deaths in Jordan Amidst Iran-Backed Tensions

02

Feb

Strategic Implications of US Military Deaths in Jordan Amidst Iran-Backed Tensions

The recent drone strike in Jordan, resulting in the deaths of three US military personnel, has escalated tensions in the Middle East. The attack, believed to be linked to Iran-backed militias, highlights the complex geopolitical dynamics of the region.

Minister for a While, Farmer for Life

30

Jan

Minister for a While, Farmer for Life' Echoes in European Farmer Protests

The recent farmer protests in Belgium, marked by a blockade of the North Sea port, highlight a broader European agricultural crisis fueled by EU policies, economic pressures, and competition.

Arakan Army Takes Pauktaw

22

Jan

Arakan Army Takes Pauktaw

The Arakan Army's takeover of Pauktaw, near the strategic Sittwe Port, has significant implications for trade and security in the Bay of Bengal region.

Germany

20

Jan

Germany's Struggle with Rising Far-Right Sentiments and the Implications for Democratic Integrity

Triggered by the AfD's discussions on deportations, the protests in Germany reflect broader societal disapproval and coincide with the approval of a new inclusive citizenship law.

Bandukbanga’s Escalating Tri-junction Predicament

19

Jan

Bandukbanga’s Escalating Tri-junction Predicament

The situation in Bandukbanga, at the tri-border region of Mizoram, Myanmar, and Bangladesh, has become a geopolitical flashpoint due to the influx of armed Myanmar soldiers seeking refuge.

Iran

17

Jan

Iran's Airstrike in Pakistan: Unraveling the Implications for South Asian Geopolitics

The Iran airstrike in Pakistan's Panjgur region marks a significant event in South Asian geopolitics, highlighting the ongoing cross-border insurgency and regional tensions.

The Prolonged Israel-Hamas Conflict and its Ripple Effects

15

Jan

The Prolonged Israel-Hamas Conflict and its Ripple Effects

The prolonged Israel-Hamas conflict has led to a humanitarian crisis in Gaza and wider regional and global repercussions.

Taiwan’s 2024 Elections: Navigating Geopolitical Tensions and Economic Impacts

13

Jan

Taiwan’s 2024 Elections: Navigating Geopolitical Tensions and Economic Impacts

Taiwan's 2024 elections are set against a backdrop of geopolitical tensions and economic challenges. The outcome could impact cross-strait relations, with implications for regional stability and global economic interests.

The Escalating Security Crisis in Ecuador: The TC Television Studio Assault

10

Jan

The Escalating Security Crisis in Ecuador: The TC Television Studio Assault

The TC Television studio assault in Guayaquil marks a significant escalation in Ecuador's security crisis, highlighting the severity of gang violence and drug trafficking.

Decoding Sheikh Hasina’s Victory: Implications for Bangladesh and South Asian Geopolitics

08

Jan

Decoding Sheikh Hasina’s Victory: Implications for Bangladesh and South Asian Geopolitics

Sheikh Hasina's victory in Bangladesh's 12th parliamentary elections extends her tenure as a long-serving leader but raises concerns about electoral credibility and democracy.

Reassessing India-Myanmar Border Strategy: The End of Free Movement Regime

04

Jan

Reassessing India-Myanmar Border Strategy: The End of Free Movement Regime

The termination of the Free Movement Regime along the India-Myanmar border marks a significant shift in India's border management strategy, driven by security concerns and the need to address illegal activities.

Ethiopia-Somaliland Agreement: A Geopolitical Game-Changer in the Horn of Africa

02

Jan

Ethiopia-Somaliland Agreement: A Geopolitical Game-Changer in the Horn of Africa

The Ethiopia-Somaliland Agreement is a significant development in the Horn of Africa, providing Ethiopia with sea access via Berbera Port and challenging Somalia's national sovereignty.

US Navy

29

Dec

US Navy's Confrontation with Houthi Forces in the Red Sea

The recent confrontation between the US Navy and Houthi forces in the Red Sea highlights the escalating tensions in the region. The incident, part of Operation Prosperity Guardian, has drawn criticism for its perceived alignment with Israeli interests.

Navigating the Complexities of the Teesta River Dispute in South Asia

27

Dec

Navigating the Complexities of the Teesta River Dispute in South Asia

The Teesta River Dispute highlights the intricate interplay of geopolitics, security, and economics in South Asia. The dispute's strategic significance is underscored by its proximity to India's Siliguri Corridor, with Bangladesh navigating between India's support, and China's economic influence.

India-Russia Diplomacy: Unpacking Dr. Jaishankar’s Key Moscow Visit

25

Dec

India-Russia Diplomacy: Unpacking Dr. Jaishankar’s Key Moscow Visit

Dr. S. Jaishankar's visit to Moscow emphasizes India's commitment to strengthening economic and defense ties with Russia, aiming for an inclusive and equitable international system.

Strategic Implications of US Airstrikes on Kataib Hezbollah in Iraq

22

Dec

Strategic Implications of US Airstrikes on Kataib Hezbollah in Iraq

The US airstrikes against Kataib Hezbollah facilities in Iraq respond to attacks against US personnel and aim to deter further aggression. The airstrikes are set against a backdrop of complex regional dynamics, including Iran-affiliated militia activities and political shifts in Iraq.

Turmoil in the Tides: Red Sea Standoff Sparks Oil Price Surge

20

Dec

Turmoil in the Tides: Red Sea Standoff Sparks Oil Price Surge

The surge in oil prices can be attributed to escalating tensions in the Red Sea, a crucial maritime route. Threats from Houthi militants and potential disruptions in shipping are heightening risks for carriers, impacting global oil markets.

Wad Madani Crisis: A Microcosm of Sudan

18

Dec

Wad Madani Crisis: A Microcosm of Sudan's Escalating Conflict

The crisis in Wad Madani, Sudan, reflects the broader escalating civil war, transitioning from a safe haven to a battleground due to conflicts between the Sudanese Army and the RSF.

India’s Strategic Shift in Energy Sourcing: Embracing Venezuelan Oil

15

Dec

India’s Strategic Shift in Energy Sourcing: Embracing Venezuelan Oil

India's strategic shift to reintroduce Venezuelan oil into its energy mix marks a significant development in global energy dynamics. This move, facilitated by the easing of US sanctions on Venezuela, allows India to diversify its oil sources and reduce reliance on Middle Eastern oil.

COP28: A Crucial Crossroads for Climate Action

13

Dec

COP28: A Crucial Crossroads for Climate Action

COP28 in Dubai was a critical crossroads for global climate action, marked by diverse voices and concerns. The event raised questions about its effectiveness in mitigating global warming, with criticisms over weak implementation language and lack of concrete commitments.

Egypt

11

Dec

Egypt's 2023 Presidential Elections: Navigating the Political Landscape

The 2023 Presidential Elections in Egypt are pivotal, with President Sisi likely securing a third term amid a crackdown on dissent and limited opposition. This election reflects the trend towards authoritarianism and raises concerns about democratic legitimacy.

Venezuela

09

Dec

Venezuela's Essequibo Claim and Regional Implications

Venezuela's incorporation of the Essequibo region into its national map following a controversial referendum escalates its long-standing territorial dispute with Guyana. The move challenges international legal frameworks and has strategic and economic implications due to significant oil reserves in the region.

Russia

06

Dec

Russia's Diplomatic Renaissance in the Middle East with Putin's Tour

Russian President Vladimir Putin's tour to Saudi Arabia and the UAE amidst COP28 represents a strategic move in Russia's Middle East diplomacy. The visit aims to strengthen alliances, navigate OPEC+ energy cooperation, and counter Western isolation.

Operation 1027: A Strategic Shift in Myanmar

02

Dec

Operation 1027: A Strategic Shift in Myanmar's Conflict Landscape

Operation 1027 represents a significant shift in Myanmar's conflict landscape, with ethnic militias challenging the military junta's control and disrupting economic flows. The involvement of external powers and the potential for collaboration with the National Unity Government signal a more unified opposition front.

COP28 in UAE

30

Nov

COP28 in UAE

COP28 in the UAE presents a complex landscape for climate action, marked by contradictions between the host's fossil fuel dependency and the summit's sustainability goals. The conference serves as a vital platform for diverse agendas, focusing on equitable climate financing, loss and damage funds, and sustainable business practices.

Navigating the Energy Crunch: Europe

28

Nov

Navigating the Energy Crunch: Europe's Winter Gas Challenge

Europe faces a significant winter gas challenge as demand surges due to the cold weather and geopolitical tensions. The reduction in Russian gas supplies, increased heating demand, and inventory challenges contribute to fluctuating gas prices.

Strategic Implications of the Busan Summit 2023

27

Nov

Strategic Implications of the Busan Summit 2023

The Busan Summit 2023 in South Korea marked a significant moment in East Asian geopolitics, with top diplomats from China, Japan, and South Korea discussing regional cooperation. The summit aimed to address historical grievances and contemporary security challenges, including North Korea's advancements in technology and intensified U.S. naval exercises.

Geert Wilders

24

Nov

Geert Wilders' Victory: A Turning Point in Dutch Politics and European Landscape

Geert Wilders' victory in the Dutch elections marks a significant shift in Dutch politics and may influence the broader European Union. His Party For Freedom champions anti-Islamisation, Euroscepticism, and a conservative stance on climate change.

Ceasefire Dynamics and BRICS

23

Nov

Ceasefire Dynamics and BRICS' Role in Middle East Peace Efforts

The recent Israel-Hamas ceasefire, facilitated by Qatar, the US, and Egypt, offers a fragile but necessary pause in hostilities. The involvement of BRICS nations in Middle East peace efforts introduces new diplomatic perspectives, but the effectiveness of their mediation in the Israel-Palestine conflict remains uncertain.

Navigating Milei

21

Nov

Navigating Milei's Presidency

Javier Milei's election as Argentina's President marks a significant shift towards far-right and libertarian ideologies. His economic vision, including dollarization and market liberalization, presents both challenges and opportunities for Argentina's economy and businesses.

Charting Through the Fog of War

18

Nov

Charting Through the Fog of War

In the context of the Israel-Hamas conflict, misinformation and disinformation play significant roles in shaping public perception and business strategies. Differentiating between accurate information and intentional or unintentional falsehoods is crucial in managing risks effectively, especially in a world where social media and AI can rapidly amplify narratives.

Navigating the Tides of Power at the Biden-Xi Filoli Dialogue

15

Nov

Navigating the Tides of Power at the Biden-Xi Filoli Dialogue

The Biden-Xi meeting at the Filoli Estate during the APEC summit is a crucial moment for US-China relations, addressing key issues like trade, AI, and human rights. While it's unlikely to reset strained ties, the outcomes could significantly impact global dynamics and economic policies.

The Riyadh Summit

11

Nov

The Riyadh Summit's Diplomatic Dance

The Riyadh Summit on 11 Nov 2023 saw Arab and Islamic nations discuss the Israel-Hamas conflict, with a unified stance against Israel's actions. Iran's President Raisi advocated for strong measures against Israel, while the summit favored a two-state solution.

Reassessing Stability: The CFE Treaty Suspension and New Euro-Atlantic Tensions

07

Nov

Reassessing Stability: The CFE Treaty Suspension and New Euro-Atlantic Tensions

NATO and the US suspend the CFE Treaty in response to Russia's withdrawal, escalating tensions and reshaping Euro-Atlantic security.

Terrorist Threat at Mianwali, Pakistan: A Debrief

04

Nov

Terrorist Threat at Mianwali, Pakistan: A Debrief

The terrorist attack on Mianwali Air Base in Pakistan highlights the need for enhanced security measures in critical economic sectors. Swift counterterrorism efforts thwarted the attack, emphasizing the importance of integrating security analysis and geopolitical forecasting into business and

The Blinken Blueprint: Charting US Diplomatic Strategy

01

Nov

The Blinken Blueprint: Charting US Diplomatic Strategy

Secretary of State Antony Blinken's diplomatic tour in November 2023 aims to address global crises, strengthen alliances, and uphold US interests. His engagements in the Middle East, Europe, and the Indo-Pacific underscore America's commitment to peace, security, and a rules-based international order.

China engages with Oceania through security pact

China engages with Oceania through security pact

On 19 Apr, the Chinese Foreign Ministry confirmed that it had signed a five-year security deal with the Solomon Islands. The pact, signed by two foreign ministers, Wang Yi, and Jeremiah Manele, opens the way for China to deploy security forces in Solomon, as well as for the Chinese navy.

India

India's Role In Crisis Hit Sri Lanka

As Sri Lanka reels under the pressure of dealing with a Balance of Payments crisis and a debt management problem, the role that India could play in this scenario becomes significant.

Change of Presidential Regime in South Korea

Change of Presidential Regime in South Korea

South Korea elected its new President Yoon Suk-yeol, who won by a very slim margin. Although a newcomer to politics, the future of South Korea could witness significant changes under his leadership.

Significance of Mexico

Significance of Mexico's Rollback On Its Energy Reforms

The new energy reform proposed in Oct 2021, under the Mexican president, Andrés Obrador, was set to undo the historic move of 2013. The proposition is to generate clean, cheap, and efficient hydropower to meet the country’s energy needs.

South Korea Wartime OPCON Transition: A Step Forward

South Korea Wartime OPCON Transition: A Step Forward

After almost two decades of processes and planning, South Korea has progressed in the transition of wartime operational control (OPCON). During the 53rd annual Security Consultative Meeting (SCM), it was decided to conduct the full operational capability (FOC) assessment in 2022.

Australia: Hacking Bill To Widen Government Surveillance

Australia: Hacking Bill To Widen Government Surveillance

The Surveillance Legislation Amendment (Identify and Disrupt) Bill 2021, dubbed as the “Hacking Bill”, empowers Australian law enforcement agencies to use three new types of warrants for digital and tech-based investigation.

Poly Network Hack: The Biggest DeFi Theft In History

Poly Network Hack: The Biggest DeFi Theft In History

On 10 Aug 2021, hackers stole more than $600 Million in cryptocurrency from Decentralized Finance (DeFi) firm Poly Network. Dubbed as the largest cryptocurrency theft ever, the hacker stole money in the form of various cryptocurrencies.

Rise Of Bioweapons: A Pandemic Scar?

Rise Of Bioweapons: A Pandemic Scar?

Biological weapons are any number of disease-producing agents—such as bacteria, viruses, rickettsia, fungi, toxins, or other biological agents—that may be utilized as weapons against humans, animals, or plants. Biological weapons are referred to as weapons of mass destruction.

The Immigration Law

The Immigration Law

The constantly changing immigration law of the UK is quite complicated. It is not easy for even senior judges of the UK to untangle the complex web of immigration law. Therefore, it’s not fair to expect a layman making an application or making an appeal to present his case in the best possible way.